MEDICAL

HealthMyne's Radiomic Technology Leveraged to Identify Biomarkers That Predict Immunotherapy Treatment Responses

HealthMyne | September 22, 2021

HealthMyne, a pioneer in applied radiomics, announced that peer-reviewed research recently published in the journal Cancers has demonstrated the ability of its radiomics technology to identify biomarkers that predict whether patients with lung adenocarcinoma would benefit from immunotherapy.

In the Cancers article, researchers led by Vincenza Granata evaluated HealthMyne's technology as a quantitative imaging decision support tool for radiomic analysis of lung adenocarcinoma in chest CT scans. Researchers analyzed radiomic biomarkers to predict Overall Survival (OS) and Progression Free Survival (PFS) time.

To perform the study, researchers selected 74 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer who underwent immunotherapy and compared them with 50 patients with histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chemotherapy alone or in combination with targeted therapy.

Researchers segmented each patient's lesion leveraging HealthMyne's advanced imaging analytics solution to extract 573 radiometric metrics from the cohort images to predict OS and PFS time. Researchers found that 19 radiomic features were significant for predicting OS and 108 radiomic features for predicting PFS time.

Researchers concluded that the study demonstrated the relationship between radiomics and immunotherapeutic response and that specific radiomic features can be used to select patients with lung adenocarcinoma who would benefit from immunotherapy.

To maximize the value of research and development investments, drug developers need an accurate and efficient means of selecting and stratifying patients for clinical studies. Numerous examples of peer-reviewed research have shown that radiomics and precision image analysis identifies biomarkers that drive greater personalization of treatment and provides new insights for better decisions. At HealthMyne, we strive to develop innovative radiomic solutions that contribute to the advancement of this critical body of evidence.

- Rose Higgins, CEO, HealthMyne.

About HealthMyne
HealthMyne® is a pioneer in applied radiomics, the cutting-edge field of extracting novel data and biomarkers from medical images. Our FDA-approved and CE marked, AI-enabled solutions allow organizations to easily access and translate groundbreaking radiomic insights into use in research, clinical outcomes, and treatment pathways. By leveraging radiomics, our clients and partners can accelerate the development and delivery of the best possible treatments. HealthMyne's approach is based upon the premise that every cancer patient's story begins with an image. We believe that unleashing the hidden power of imaging data and radiomics will revolutionize personalized care -- ensuring the right treatment every time. Our mission is to advance precision health initiatives through accessible and translatable radiomic data.

Spotlight

DNA sequencing using next-generation technologies has become established in several clinical areas over the past decade and is rapidly gaining popularity in many others. Reproductive health, oncology, Mendelian diseases, complex diseases, and infectious diseases are key areas where next-generation sequencing (NGS) has a significant presence or is expected to establish itself in the coming years.


Other News
MEDICAL

Pancreatic Cancer Cells Harness Normal Tissue Turnover to Build Protective Barriers

NYU Langone Health | April 05, 2022

In the presence of pancreatic tumors, certain immune cells break down structural proteins into molecules that trigger the building of dense tissue, a known barrier to therapy, a new study finds. Led by researchers from NYU Grossman School of Medicine, the study revolves around the dense protein meshwork that supports organs and helps to rebuild damaged tissue. Collagen protein fibers, the major component of the mesh, are continually broken down and replaced to maintain tensile strength, and as part of the wound healing process. Past studies have shown that immune cells called macrophages contribute to a process called desmoplasia, which is caused by the abnormal turnover and excessive deposition of collagen that insulates pancreatic cancers. In this environment, macrophages are also known to engulf and break down collagen through the action of a protein called the mannose receptor (MRC1). Publishing online April 4 in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, the current study found that the degraded collagen increased the amount of arginine, an amino acid that is used by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) to produce compounds called reactive nitrogen species (RNS). This, in turn, caused neighboring, supportive stellate cells to build collagen-based meshes around tumors, say the study authors. Pancreatic cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, with a five-year survival rate of 10%. Pancreatic cancer remains difficult to treat in large part due to the extensive network of fibrotic tissue around tumors. This network not only blocks access by therapies, but also promotes aggressive growth. For the current study, experiments showed that macrophages grown in dishes of nutrients (cultures), and converted into their cancer-tolerant setting (M2), broke down far more collagen than macrophages that attack cancer cells (M1). Further, the team confirmed with a series of tests that M2 macrophages have higher levels of enzymes that generate RNS, such as iNOS. To confirm these findings in live mice, the team implanted stellate cells that were either "pre-fed" with collage, or maintained in an unfed state, into the flanks of the study animals along with pancreatic cancer cells. The team observed a 100 percent increase in the density of intra-tumoral collagen fibers in tumors derived from cancer cells co-implanted with stellate cells pre-treated with collagen. Importantly, the study showed for the first time that macrophages near pancreatic cancer cells, not only take in and break down more collagen as part of scavenging for proteins that feed abnormal growth, but also are changed by the scavenging, such that their energy processing system (metabolism) is rewired and signals for fibrotic buildup. Our team uncovered a mechanism that connects collagen turnover to the building of a treatment-resistant environment around pancreatic tumors, As this dense environment is a major reason why pancreatic cancer is so deadly, a better understanding of links between protein scavenging and the building of protective barriers will be needed to improve the treatment of this devastating malignancy." Bar-Sagi. Kimmelman has financial interests in Vescor Therapeutics, and is listed on patents pertaining to KRAS-regulated metabolic pathways, redox control pathways in pancreatic cancer, targeting GOT1 as a therapeutic approach, and the autophagy control of iron metabolism. Kimmelman is on the scientific advisory board for Rafael/Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals, and consults for Deciphera and Abbvie. Bar-Sagi is on the Scientific Advisory Board of Rafael/Cornerstone Pharmaceuticals and Samumed LLC, and is also on the board of the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network. These relationships are being managed in keeping with the policies of NYU Langone Health.

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MEDICAL

HistoSonics Announces Agreement with GE Healthcare

HistoSonics | May 24, 2022

HistoSonics Inc., developer of a completely non-invasive platform using the science of histotripsy, today announced an agreement formalizing ongoing efforts to use GE Healthcare's LOGIQ E10 Series ultrasound imaging platform to power the real time visualization features of HistoSonics' novel sonic beam therapy. As part of the agreement and upon market authorization, HistoSonics will distribute GE Healthcare's LOGIQ E10 Series on a one-to-one basis with its breakthrough liver therapy system. HistoSonics' Edison™ system, currently in development, uses the novel science of histotripsy to non-invasively destroy targeted liver tissue. HistoSonics intends to utilize GE Healthcare's LOGIQ E10 Series, currently the most technologically advanced ultrasound platform for guiding radiology interventions, to provide treating physicians with continuous visualization for key and unique elements of the histotripsy therapy procedure, including planning, monitoring, and immediate post-treatment verification. This agreement is aimed to support HistoSonics' efforts to launch their EdisonTM system leveraging their deep domain expertise along with GE Healthcare's world-class ultrasound imaging technologies, digital infrastructure, data analytics and clinical decision support capabilities. We are very excited to formalize our imaging partnership with GE Healthcare, which is a key part of bringing our transformative therapy platform, and an entirely new treatment option, to the clinic and to patients, We've developed a very collaborative relationship with GE Healthcare and look forward to expanding our efforts to realize the full potential of histotripsy across clinical applications, specialties, and care settings." Josh Stopek, HistoSonics Vice President of R&D. HistoSonics' non-invasive platform combines advanced imaging and proprietary software to deliver patient specific treatments using histotripsy to mechanically destroy and liquify targeted tissues at a sub-cellular level. The company believes the novel mechanism of action of their proprietary technology may offer significant advantages to patients, including precise and predictable treatment zones with equivalent treatment effect throughout the entire treated volume. Early clinical and pre-clinical results also suggest that histotripsy largely preserves critical structures such as the liver capsule, and larger vessels and bile ducts within or adjacent to the treated volume of tissue. Additionally, histotripsy enables the treating physicians to monitor the destruction of tissue under continuous real-time visualization and control, unlike any modality that exists today. The agreement between GE Healthcare and HistoSonics comes as HistoSonics continues enrollment in their U.S. and European #HOPE4LIVER Trials, evaluating the safety and efficacy of histotripsy for the destruction of targeted primary or metastatic liver tumors. Additionally, the company recently was awarded "Breakthrough Device Designation" by the FDA for histotripsy of liver tissue, validating the company's vision that histotripsy has the potential to provide advantages over existing therapies such as surgery, radiation therapy and thermal ablation. About HistoSonics HistoSonics is a privately held medical device company developing a non-invasive platform and proprietary sonic beam therapy utilizing the science of histotripsy, a novel mechanism of action that uses focused ultrasound to mechanically destroy and liquify unwanted tissue and tumors. The company is currently focused on the continued development of its EdisonTM Platform, global clinical studies, and new strategic projects including future clinical applications and platforms. HistoSonics has offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan and Minneapolis, MN.

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CELL AND GENE THERAPY

Genomics Testing Companies and Laboratories Combine Efforts to Establish the CardioGenomic Testing Alliance

CardioGenomic | March 23, 2022

Several leading genomics companies and laboratories, including Illumina, Fulgent Genetics, Invitae, GeneDx, and PerkinElmer Genomics, have formed the CardioGenomic Testing Alliance (CGTA), a collaborative group aimed at raising awareness and utilization of genomic testing in cardiology. CGTA will inform healthcare providers and other stakeholders to the value of such testing to assure adherence to existing guidelines from professional medical societies, inform medical management and cascade testing, and improve clinical outcomes. The companies forming this coalition believe in extensive clinical utility of cardiogenomic testing. Their combined efforts to increase awareness and utilization of cardiogenomic testing will show the positive outcomes genetic testing can have on patients." Melissa Dempsey, genetic counselor at Illumina and CGTA chairwoman. Genomic testing in cardiology is a powerful tool that can identify those at-risk for specific cardiac conditions, such as arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, and congenital heart malformations. According to the American Heart Association, "genetic testing is informative and useful for the clinical management of various inherited cardiovascular diseases such as cardiomyopathies, arrhythmic disorders, thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections, and familial hypercholesterolemia."1 Sudden cardiac arrest can often be the first symptom of an inherited cardiac condition.2 The Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes (SADS) Foundation reports that up to 49% of victims of sudden cardiac death had a significant family history that should have triggered diagnostic testing, and cascade genetic testing reveals an average of 8.9 additional affected family members.3 Genetic testing is one of the essential steps in the diagnosis and treatment of families with SADS conditions." Alice Lara, president of the SADS Foundation. Despite evidence and major professional society recommendations, utilization and awareness of cardiogenomic testing remains low. CGTA will strive to inform healthcare providers about the current guidelines for the appropriate use of genetic testing in cardiology. Working with key stakeholders, CGTA will identify logistical barriers to testing and develop educational resources to address these barriers for providers and for the public.

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INDUSTRIAL IMPACT

Canopy Biosciences Launches Next-Generation ChipCytometry™ Instrument for Spatial Biology with Sub-Cellular Resolution

Canopy Biosciences | March 04, 2022

Canopy Biosciences, a Bruker Company, announced the commercial launch of the CellScapeTM system, the next generation in ChipCytometryTM instrumentation, advancing the cutting-edge for quantitative in situ spatial phenotyping. ChipCytometry delivers single-cell targeted spatial proteomics for complex whole-tissue analysis of the tumor microenvironment, as well as deep immune profiling for applications in immunology, neuroscience, and infectious disease. The new benchtop CellScape system builds on the existing core strengths of the original ChipCytometry instrument, the ZellScannerONE™, which has enabled spatial biology research with sub-cellular resolution and a large field of view suitable for whole slide pathology imaging, on both tissue samples and cell suspensions since 2016. The CellScape system , with its multiplexed fluidics integration, adds complete walk-away automation, improved optical performance, sub-cellular resolution and massively increased throughput for whole slide imaging of millions of cells, while maintaining the key features of the core ChipCytometry technology, including high-plex phenotyping with single-cell resolution, very high dynamic range imaging for detection and quantification of both high- and low-expressing targets, and compatibility with standard commercially available fluorescently labelled antibodies, requiring no proprietary antibody conjugation. This powerful combination of features will significantly improve researchers’ workflow, accelerate spatial biology discovery, and drive broader adoption of high-plex spatial omics for translational and clinical applications. “The ChipCytometry platform has been a great tool for us in developing high content staining approaches for in-depth spatial immune profiling of human tissue samples. The improvements to throughput and automation of the CellScape system gives the opportunity to scale up studies and explore larger cohorts – and accelerate studies aimed at improving patient care.” Paul Klenerman, Ph.D., Professor of Gastroenterology at The University of Oxford “Following the acquisition of Canopy Biosciences by Bruker in 2020, we were able to leverage Bruker’s advanced fluorescence microscopy expertise to design the CellScape instrument as an integrated, multiplexed imaging system that is highly optimized for the application of high-throughput quantitative spatial omics with sub-cellular resolution,” added Thomas Campbell, Ph.D., Product Manager at Canopy Biosciences. “The improved optical performance of the system builds on the high resolution and high dynamic range that was already best-in-class with our ChipCytometry technology.” About the CellScape Instrument Through enhanced optics and automation, the throughput of CellScape is markedly improved compared to the previous generation of ChipCytometry instrumentation. Combined with multi-sample automated processing, which is available standard with every CellScape, the platform will have among the highest throughput of any highly multiplexed spatial proteomics system available today. CellScape will also be available with an optional FalconFastTM configuration, which provides an even greater increase in throughput, bringing into reach large-scale clinical studies that have previously not been possible at a high plex. About Canopy Biosciences, a Bruker Company Canopy Biosciences was formed in 2016 and rapidly built a comprehensive portfolio of products and services for spatial biology, multi-omics, and bioprocessing. Canopy offers its ChipCytometry technology for precise spatial multiplexing in cells and tissue samples, along with other technologies of ultrasensitive DNA sequencing (RareSeq), RNA-Seq, and gene expression analysis for services. Canopy Biosciences is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri, with a CLIA site in California, and a site in Germany to serve researchers at universities, research institutions, and biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies worldwide. Canopy was acquired by Bruker Corporation in 2020.

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Spotlight

DNA sequencing using next-generation technologies has become established in several clinical areas over the past decade and is rapidly gaining popularity in many others. Reproductive health, oncology, Mendelian diseases, complex diseases, and infectious diseases are key areas where next-generation sequencing (NGS) has a significant presence or is expected to establish itself in the coming years.

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