Having a Certain Type of Bacteria in Your Guts May Increase Risk of Developing Bowel Cancer

Technology Networks | November 04, 2019

In the first study to use a technique called Mendelian randomization to investigate the causal role played by bacteria in the development of bowel cancer, Dr Kaitlin Wade, from the University of Bristol, told the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference: “We found evidence that the presence of an unclassified type of bacteria from a bacterial group called Bacteroidales increased the risk of bowel cancer by between 2-15%. “This means that, on average, people with this type of bacteria within their gut may have a slightly higher risk of bowel cancer compared to those who don’t. We were able to use Mendelian randomization to understand the causal role that these bacteria may have on the disease. Our findings support previous studies that have shown that Bacteroidales bacteria are more likely to be present, and in larger quantities, in individuals with bowel cancer compared to those without the disease.” The microbiome is a community of microorganisms, bacteria in this case, that occur naturally in the body. There is increasing evidence that the make-up of the microbiome plays a role in the human health and the body’s susceptibility to disease. The human gut microbiome, which contains approximately three trillion bacteria, aids digestion and provides protection against infections. It is determined by a person’s individual genetic makeup and their environment, so is unique to each person. It also remains relatively stable across a person’s life, unless it is affected by antibiotics, an illness or a change of diet, among other things.

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CELL AND GENE THERAPY

Research Demonstrates Novel HIT Receptor Enhances T cell Antigen Sensitivity and Elicits Superior Tumor Control

Mnemo Therapeutics | January 24, 2022

The journal Nature Medicine recently published a study in which researchers developed a novel receptor to enhance recognition of tumors by engineered T cells, addressing an underlying cause for relapsed tumors in patients after chimeric antigen receptor therapy. The study demonstrates high antigen sensitivity of HLA-independent T-cell receptors, created by editing the TCR Alpha Constant chain locus in human peripheralbio blood Tcells. Low antigen expression One major limitation of CARs is antigen escape, when a tumor no longer expresses the antigen detectable by the CARs or expresses them at a very low level; CARs with heightened sensitivity to low-expression level antigens boosts the efficacy of otherwise promising T-cell therapies. In the study, conducted by researchers at New York's Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, researchers produced HIT T-cells and analyzed them in animal models HIT T-cells were engineered from human peripheral blood T-cells by inserting variable region genes in the TRAC locus, endowing the cell with a single specificity for a target antigen such as CD19. Notably, this sensitivity was shown to be higher than traditional CARs for low levels of antigen expression resulting in superior cytotoxicity and cytokine secretion. HIT Tcells outperformed traditional CAR T-cells in vivo in mouse models of B cell leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, without costimulation. Coexpression of HIT with CD80 and 4-1BBL further augmented therapeutic activity and mouse survival. HIT T-cells are a promising therapy for targeting cancer cell surface antigens with low abundance due to their sensitivity and persistence. The team responsible for this important work includes MSKCC researcher and Mnemo Therapeutics scientific cofounder Michel Sadelain, M.D., Ph.D., MSKCC researcher and Mnemo scientific advisor Isabelle Rivière, Ph.D., as well as Justin Eyquem, Ph.D., University of California San Franciso and Mnemo scientific cofounder. Mnemo's EnfiniT Platform These findings support Mnemo's EnfiniT platform as the next-generation toolkit for CAR-T immunotherapies, which are founded on decades of breakthrough research from Institut Curie and MSKCC, and supported with best-in-class T-cell manufacturing. The EnfiniT platform brings together a suite of technologies to address the key challenges associated with CAR T therapies by both identifying a new class of antigens with greater tumor specificity and applying a range of technologies to significantly improve T-cell memory, persistence and sensitivity. The goal is to dramatically improve the body's ability to fight and overcome disease. About Mnemo Therapeutics Mnemo Therapeutics is a biotechnology company focused on the development of powerful new cell therapies. With its EnfiniT platform, Mnemo applies a novel, integrated approach to T-cell therapy to transform the body's immune response to overcome disease. Mnemo is headquartered in Paris with an office in New York City, and it maintains state of the art laboratories in Paris, New York, and Princeton, New Jersey. The company leverages an international talent pool and global resources in its quest to create accessible cures for all patients in need.

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MEDTECH

Seegene Develops World's First COVID-19 Diagnostic Variant Test Capable of Identifying Multiple Mutant Variations

Seegene | February 01, 2021

South Korea's biotechnology firm Seegene (KQ096530) said Monday it built up the world's first COVID-19 diagnostic variation test, fit for screening COVID-19 and recognizing various mutant variations in a single reaction. Seegene's new variation test, the 'Allplex™ SARS-CoV-2 Variants I Assay,' can detect and separate virus variations, including those discovered to be more contagious and fatal. The new variation test identifies COVID-19, yet can likewise recognize major genetic variations that appear to have originated from the UK, South Africa just as different districts including Japan and Brazil. Besides, it can pre-screen a suspicious new variant, giving understanding on extra variations, likewise a critical component of Seegene technology. Seegene's new item incorporates in any event ten of its proprietary technologies, including multiplex real-time PCR technique for mTOCE™, which is the forefront technology that solitary Seegene can use. This imaginative technology permits the test to distinguish an objective explicit spot where mutation occurs, empowering exact detection and separation of the Covid just as its transformed versions with a single tube of reagent.

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MEDICAL

Ridgeback Biotherapeutics LP Announces the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approvel of EbangaTM for Ebola

Ebanga | December 29, 2020

Ridgeback Biotherapeutics LP ("Ridgeback"), a biotechnology organization experienced in antiviral drug improvement, reported today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") approved EbangaTM for the treatment of Ebola. Ebanga is presently affirmed for treatment of disease brought about by Zaire ebolavirus in grown-up and pediatric patients. Ebanga is the only FDA endorsed, single infusion Ebola treatment which is accessible in a lyophilized structure. Wendy Holman, CEO and co-founder of Ridgeback, said: “I speak on behalf of the entire Ridgeback Bio team when I say thank you to all of the dedicated and thoughtful groups who helped contribute to this historic and important product approval. Ridgeback is grateful to NIAID’s Vaccine Research Center (VRC) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) Institut National pour la Recherche Biomédicale (INRB). Specifically, the brilliance of three individuals needs to be acknowledged -- Dr. Nancy Sullivan (VRC), Dr. John Mascola (VRC) and Professor Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum (INRB). It was their mission to create a lyophilized single-use Ebola treatment, and in partnership with the team at Ridgeback, that vision became a reality. We would also like to thank FDA leadership and the Ebanga review team at FDA’s Division of Antivirals (DAV) for their focused and thorough review of this product. Finally, the true heroes are the patients and their families who allowed themselves to be carried away from their homes – not knowing if they would ever return – in order to enroll in a randomized controlled trial at the Ebola treatment centers during the 2018-2020 Ebola outbreak in the DRC. Your trust and belief in science, innovation and the people caring for you has transformed Ebola forever. Thanks to you, Ebola is now a treatable disease.”

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