Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy May Damage Babys Liver

Genengnews | July 25, 2019

Previous clinical studies have shown that caffeine consumption during pregnancy is linked with lower birth weights, but new research in rats, reported by scientists at Wuhan University, China, now suggests that consuming an amount of caffeine equivalent to 2-3 cups of coffee per day during pregnancy may also impair fetal liver development and increase the risk that offspring will develop liver disease in adulthood. The study found that rat pups exposed to caffeine during pregnancy (prenatal caffeine exposure; PCE) had lower levels of the liver hormone insulin-like growth factor (IGF1), and higher levels of the stress hormone corticosteroid, at birth. Liver development after birth then went through a compensatory “catch up” phase, which was characterized by increased levels of IGF1. “Our results indicate that prenatal caffeine causes an excess of stress hormone activity in the mother, which inhibits IGF1 activity for liver development before birth,” commented Yinxian Wen, PhD, co-author of the team’s published study in the Journal of Endocrinology. “However, compensatory mechanisms do occur after birth to accelerate growth and restore normal liver function, as IGF1 activity increases and stress hormone signaling decreases. The increased risk of fatty liver disease caused by prenatal caffeine exposure is most likely a consequence of this enhanced, compensatory postnatal IGF1 activity.” The researchers, headed by Hui Wang, PhD, reported their results in a paper titled, “Prenatal caffeine exposure induces liver developmental dysfunction in offspring rats.”

Spotlight

A work of art combines many distinct individual components to create a cohesive whole. Cell line development (CLD) too requires a harmonious interplay between many disparate elements. These elements each present their own potential issues, which need to be overcome in order to optimize CLD productivity. Just as in art, a small change could make a big difference.

Spotlight

A work of art combines many distinct individual components to create a cohesive whole. Cell line development (CLD) too requires a harmonious interplay between many disparate elements. These elements each present their own potential issues, which need to be overcome in order to optimize CLD productivity. Just as in art, a small change could make a big difference.

Related News

AI

Labcorp and PathAI Expand their Partnership to Accelerate Use of AI-Powered Pathology

PathAI, Labcorp | March 09, 2021

PathAI, a global supplier of artificial intelligence-powered (AI-powered) innovation for use in pathology research, and Labcorp, a main global life sciences company, today declared the expanding of their essential organization in the field of AI-powered pathology. The coordinated effort expands on Labcorp's past investment in PathAI and the companies' cooperation on a progression of projects, remembering the deployment of PathAI algorithms for clinical trials oversaw by Labcorp Drug Development. A critical focal point of the extended joint effort will be to empower, in planned clinical trials of cancer and different diseases, the seamless deployment of PathAI's algorithms in the expansive arrangement of projects oversaw by Labcorp Drug Development. These PathAI algorithms are created utilizing Good Clinical Laboratory Practice (GCLP) rules and cycle controls and are bolted and validated as fit for reason; they can likewise be additionally reached out to companion diagnostic (CDx) gadget development and commercialization. They can be sent in review or imminent clinical trials to evaluate tissue-based biomarkers and can uphold patient stratification and selection. The algorithms have numerous potential extra uses where robust deployment and information assortment are required. Labcorp and PathAI plan to investigate connecting the utilization of AI-powered algorithms from translational research into a clinical laboratory setting. “We are very impressed with the vision that Labcorp has for the future of AI-powered pathology in drug development and diagnostics, and we look forward to joining forces to enable our bio-pharma partners to obtain the most accurate, standardized, and data-rich set of pathology readouts from clinical trials to help advance drug development,” said PathAI CEO Andy Beck. “After exploring successful initial projects with Labcorp, we are excited to leverage the scale of its network to grow the reach of digital and computational pathology with the goal of ultimately improving patient outcomes.” “It has been great working with PathAI to expand computational pathology applications in oncology and other diseases that have often been resistant to digitization,” said Paul Kirchgraber, M.D., CEO, Labcorp Drug Development. “This collaboration will provide our bio-pharma partners a differentiated understanding of relevant patient characteristics through applying leading AI-driven algorithms to support clinical trials from novel biomarker development through patient stratification and companion diagnostic development.” About PathAI PathAI is a leading provider of AI-powered research tools and services for pathology. PathAI’s platform promises substantial improvements to the accuracy of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatment of diseases like cancer, leveraging modern approaches in machine and deep learning. Based in Boston, PathAI works with leading life sciences companies and researchers to advance precision medicine. About Labcorp Labcorp is a leading global life sciences company that provides vital information to help doctors, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, researchers, and patients make clear and confident decisions. Through our unparalleled diagnostics and drug development capabilities, we provide insights and accelerate innovations to improve health and improve lives. With more than 70,000 employees, we serve clients in more than 100 countries. Labcorp reported revenue of $14 billion in FY2020.

Read More

INDUSTRY OUTLOOK

Tantu and Ginkgo Bioworks Announce Partnership to Engineer a Living Biotherapeutic for Gastrointestinal Healing

Ginkgo Bioworks | September 07, 2021

Tantu, a company engineering living biotherapeutic products to treat gastrointestinal diseases, and Ginkgo Bioworks, which is building the leading horizontal platform for cell programming, today announced a partnership to accelerate the research and development of Tantu's therapeutic genes. Ginkgo, which recently announced a business combination with Soaring Eagle Acquisition Corp., serves customers across industries seeking to develop new and better products using biology. Tantu is working to create an orally administered, living biotherapeutic that will produce and apply anti-inflammatory therapeutic proteins directly into diseased sites in the gut, resulting in improved gut barrier function and faster mucosal healing in patients where systemic anti-inflammatory therapies are not enough. Ginkgo plans to apply its automated foundry to accelerate the traditionally slow steps of candidate strain construction and genomic integration and validation with the aim of accelerating Tantu's first program and potentially helping them reach clinical proof of concept in patients faster. "Each year, 62 million Americans are diagnosed with a digestive disorder and current treatments don't sufficiently promote gastrointestinal healing, meaning many patients need to undergo invasive surgeries to improve their quality of life," said Neel Joshi, co-founder of Tantu. "A therapeutic to aid intestinal mucosal healing could transform patient care for a significant patient population." "We are excited to partner with a pre-seed company like Tantu with the goal of reducing their time-to-market because we view it as an opportunity to invest in the biotech industry through the startups that are driving forward so much innovation," said Jason Kelly, CEO and co-founder of Ginkgo Bioworks. "Working with Tantu provides Ginkgo with the opportunity to leverage its expertise in pharmaceuticals to support the development of a potentially transformative therapeutic for the millions struggling with digestive disorders." Companies across numerous industries use Ginkgo's cell programming platform to find more effective, environmentally friendly ways to create products including food ingredients, fragrances, cosmetics, medicines, and more. By enabling the design of organisms that can produce valuable biological products, Ginkgo helps accelerate the development of innovative, bio-based solutions to the world's most pressing challenges. About Tantu Therapeutics Tantu is developing living biotherapeutic products to treat gastrointestinal diseases. Its lead therapeutic candidate is an engineered microbe that produces anti-inflammatory and healing agents from inside the gut lumen – something that no clinically approved therapeutic currently does. Tantu's local delivery strategy is designed to improve patient outcomes by reducing reliance solely on systemic anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system. Tantu's living biotherapeutic products are being designed to complement proven approaches to further improve patients' health and quality of life. About Ginkgo Bioworks Ginkgo is building a platform to enable customers to program cells as easily as we can program computers. The company's platform is enabling biotechnology applications across diverse markets, from food and agriculture to industrial chemicals to pharmaceuticals. Ginkgo has also actively supported a number of COVID-19 response efforts, including K-12 pooled testing, vaccine manufacturing optimization and therapeutics discovery. In May 2021, Ginkgo announced a business combination with Soaring Eagle Acquisition Corp. (Nasdaq: SRNG), which, if completed, will result in Ginkgo, through a parent entity, Ginkgo Bioworks Holdings, Inc., becoming a public company. The extraordinary general meeting of Soaring Eagle's shareholders in connection with the transaction has been scheduled for September 14, 2021 and the transaction is expected to close shortly thereafter, subject to customary closing conditions.

Read More

MEDICAL

Precision NanoSystems is Now a Part of Danaher's Life Sciences Platform

Cytiva, Pall Corporation | June 02, 2021

Danaher Corporation's Life Sciences platform has acquired precision NanoSystems (PNI). PNI is a global leader in technologies and solutions for developing genetic medicines, including mRNA vaccines and therapeutics. PNI will join Danaher's Life Sciences platform and complement other businesses in the forum, including Cytiva and Pall. "PNI has advanced several exciting innovations, and we're thrilled to welcome this talented team," says Emmanuel Ligner, Danaher Group Executive. "As mRNA has matured as a successful technology in some COVID vaccines, we see huge potential for this technology to accelerate other therapies. The work done thus far by the PNI team will also enable our customers at Cytiva and Pall to take a huge step forward in advancing their science to improve the lives of patients." James Taylor, co-founder, and CEO of Precision NanoSystems, says: "Over the last ten years, PNI has been a leading technology company, enabling the development of genetic medicines. Joining Danaher's Life Sciences platform allows our world-class team to accelerate and expand the work we do to support our customers with comprehensive technology platforms and the expertise to manufacture transformative medicines for the benefit of humanity. With the global reach of the Danaher Life Sciences platform and customers who are leaders in biotechnology, this is an incredible opportunity to bring PNI's innovations to market and expand our impact." The overall mRNA therapeutics and vaccines market was growing rapidly and accelerated with the development of COVID-19 mRNA vaccines. It is anticipated that mRNA technology will be used to develop other vaccines and to treat other conditions of high unmet medical need, such as cancer and genetic diseases. At present, most mRNA therapies and other types of genetic medicines in clinical development are designed to be delivered with the help of lipid nanoparticles (LNPs). PNI's Genetic Medicine Toolkit, including its proprietary GenVoyTM LNP delivery platform and NanoAssemblrTM microfluidic-based nanoparticle manufacturing platform, enables the rapid development of genetic medicines. PNI's validated technologies increase the stability, efficacy, yield, and quality of non-viral genetic medication and lower the barrier to develop these essential medicines. PNI is developing a new center of manufacturing excellence in Vancouver, which will proceed as planned. When complete, the biomanufacturing center will further advance Canadian therapeutic and vaccine manufacturing capabilities, broaden the domestic life sciences sector, create new jobs in the region, and foster a new generation of scientific talent. About Pall Pall Corporation may be a filtration, separation, and purification leader providing solutions to meet customers' critical fluid management needs across the broad spectrum of life sciences and industry. Pall works with customers to advance health, safety, and environmentally responsible technologies. The Company's engineered products enable process and product innovation and minimize emissions and waste. Pall Corporation serves customers worldwide. About Cytiva Cytiva is a global life science leader with more than 8,000 associates across 40 countries dedicated to advancing and accelerating therapeutics. As a trusted partner to customers that range in scale and scope, Cytiva brings speed, efficiency, and capacity to research and manufacture workflows, enabling the development, manufacture, and delivery of transformative medicines to patients.

Read More