CELL AND GENE THERAPY
Gritstone bio | December 07, 2021
Gritstone bio, Inc. a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing next generation cancer and infectious disease immunotherapies, and CEPI, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations, announced the expansion of their agreement in order to support the development of a self-amplifying mRNA vaccine designed to tackle the Omicron COVID-19 variant. CEPI will provide up to $5 million in additional funding to conduct a Phase 1 clinical trial of Gritstone’s Omicron vaccine candidate in South Africa, where a CEPI-funded clinical trial of Gritstone’s Beta variant COVID-19 vaccine is due to begin shortly. The SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes administered within Gritstone’s SAM COVID-19 vaccines are minimally impacted by mutations found within the Omicron variant, reinforcing the platform’s potential to address both Omicron and future variants of concern.
CEPI is already funding up to $20.6 million to support preclinical studies, manufacturing process optimization, and a Phase 1 trial of Gritstone’s Beta variant vaccine candidate which will be initiated by South Africa’s University of the Witwatersrand in the coming weeks. The funding announced today will expand the Phase 1 trial to include additional arms to evaluate an Omicron-specific version of the vaccine. Gritstone has commenced manufacturing its SAM vaccine to specifically target the Omicron variant, and the Omicron arms of the Phase 1 trial are expected to begin in Q2 2022, subject to regulatory approval.
The recently described Omicron variant, first identified in South Africa on November 9, 2021, was designated a variant of concern by the World Health Organization (WHO) on November 26, 2021. Early evidence suggests that Omicron carries an increased risk of re-infection, and sequence analysis has revealed many mutations in Spike, which may reduce clinical effectiveness of existing vaccines and/or therapeutic antibodies.
Enabling equitable access
CEPI is committed to global equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines so, through this agreement, CEPI and Gritstone have agreed that this Omicron vaccine candidate will be made available to the COVAX Facility for procurement and allocation, if it is proven to be safe and effective. The COVAX Facility aims to deliver equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines for all countries, at all levels of development, that wish to participate.
“While key questions are yet to be answered about Omicron, its transmissibility, and its potential ability to evade our current vaccines, the stakes are too high to delay developing Omicron-specific vaccine candidates. Given the uncertainties, we must accelerate crucial R&D so vaccines are available to tackle Omicron as soon as possible – just in case we need them. There is no time to lose, so I’m pleased that within 10 days of Omicron being declared a Variant of Concern by the WHO, CEPI is expanding its partnership with Gritstone to support a new Omicron vaccine candidate which can be made globally accessible through COVAX.”
Dr Richard Hatchett, CEO of CEPI
“Our vaccine platforms are built on the premise that a best-in-class vaccine against a virus will drive strong neutralizing antibodies directed to surface antigens such as Spike, and strong cytotoxic T cell responses against other conserved viral antigens to eliminate virally infected cells. This broad immune response would, in principle, provide superior protection against a virus that is mutating its surface protein. Omicron is an example of a novel SARS-CoV-2 variant that may escape clinical protection conferred by vaccines that only afford narrow, Spike-specific immunity,” said Andrew Allen, M.D., Ph.D., co-founder, president and chief executive officer of Gritstone. “Our SAM technology provides an innovative platform likely capable of delivering on the attractive concept of broad, durable immunity. We are thrilled to be quickly expanding our relationship with CEPI in our shared goal of finding new vaccine solutions to battle this deadly virus on a global scale and help prevent current and perhaps future COVID outbreaks.”
Self-amplifying mRNA vaccines
As with the mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines that are now in global use, self-amplifying mRNA vaccines use the body’s own machinery to make antigenic protein itself rather than injecting the antigen directly into the body.
However, in self-amplifying mRNA vaccines, viral RNA is adapted in a way that allows only the genetic sequence for a specific antigen to be expressed, while keeping the part of the RNA that allows it to produce multiple copies of itself—the self-amplification machinery.
The benefit of this approach is that the dose of RNA can be reduced while maintaining the potency of the vaccine. Gritstone’s vaccine candidate may also elicit T-cell immune responses against non-Spike gene fragments, which are slower to mutate than the genes associated with the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein and could potentially provide broad protection against other SARS-CoV-2 strains.
CEPI is an innovative partnership between public, private, philanthropic, and civil organisations, launched at Davos in 2017, to develop vaccines against future epidemics. Prior to COVID-19 CEPI’s work focused on developing vaccines against Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus, Nipah virus, Rift Valley Fever virus and Chikungunya virus – it has over 20 vaccine candidates against these pathogens in development. CEPI has also invested in new platform technologies for rapid vaccine development against unknown pathogens.
During the current pandemic, CEPI initiated multiple programmes to develop vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 and its variants with a focus on speed, scale and access. These programmes leverage the rapid response platforms developed by CEPI’s partners prior to the emergence of COVID-19 as well as new collaborations. The aim is to advance clinical development of a diverse portfolio of safe and effective COVID-19 candidates and to enable fair allocation to these vaccines worldwide through COVAX.
CEPI’s 5-year plan lays out a $3.5 billion roadmap to compress vaccine development timelines to 100 days, develop a universal vaccine against COVID-19 and other Betacoronaviruses, and create a “library” of vaccine candidates for use against known and unknown pathogens.
About the CORAL Program
Gritstone’s CORAL program is a second-generation SARS-CoV-2 vaccine platform delivering spike and additional SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes, offering the potential for more durable protection and broader immunity against SARS-CoV-2 variants. Delivery vectors can comprise a chimpanzee adenovirus, self-amplifying mRNA or both (mix and match). The program is supported by several key relationships: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI). An ongoing Gritstone-sponsored Phase 1 trial is evaluating SAM as a boost and immunogenicity enhancer of AstraZeneca's first-generation COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 (Vaxzevria) in healthy adults ≥ 60 years in the UK. A two-dose SAM regimen is also being evaluated in an ongoing clinical trial sponsored by the National Institute of Health (NIH) Division of Microbiology and Infectious Disease and in the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations-funded, Gritstone-sponsored clinical trial in South Africa expected to begin by year end 2021.
Gritstone bio, Inc. a clinical-stage biotechnology company, is developing the next generation of immunotherapies against multiple cancer types and infectious diseases. Gritstone develops its products by leveraging two key pillars—first, a proprietary machine learning-based platform, Gritstone EDGETM, which is designed to predict antigens that are presented on the surface of cells, such as tumor or virally-infected cells, that can be seen by the immune system; and, second, the ability to develop and manufacture potent immunotherapies utilizing these antigens to potentially drive the patient’s immune system to specifically attack and destroy disease-causing cells. The company’s lead oncology programs include an individualized neoantigen-based immunotherapy, GRANITE, and an “off-the-shelf” shared neoantigen-based immunotherapy, SLATE, which are being evaluated in clinical studies. Within its infectious disease pipeline, Gritstone is advancing CORAL, a COVID-19 program to develop a second-generation vaccine, with support from departments within the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and through a license agreement with La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI). Additionally, the company has a global collaboration for the development of a therapeutic HIV vaccine with Gilead Sciences.
COVAX, the vaccines pillar of the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator, is co-convened by CEPI, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance Gavi) and the World Health Organization – working in partnership with UNICEF as key implementing partner, developed and developing country vaccine manufacturers, the World Bank, and others. It is the only global initiative that is working with governments and manufacturers to ensure COVID-19 vaccines are available worldwide to both higher-income and lower-income countries.
CELL AND GENE THERAPY
BeiGene | November 23, 2021
BeiGene a global, science-driven biotechnology company focused on developing innovative and affordable medicines, announced that the first patient has been dosed in a Phase 1 clinical trial of BGB-23339, a potent, allosteric investigational tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) inhibitor internally developed by BeiGene scientists.
TYK2 is a member of the JAK family and functions as a critical mediator in cytokine signaling pathways implicated in multiple immune-mediated disorders, such as psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease. BGB-23339 is a potent, highly selective, investigational TYK2 inhibitor targeting the regulatory pseudokinase (JH2) domain.
“Discovered and developed by BeiGene, BGB-23339 is a highly selective, potent, allosteric TYK2 inhibitor that has shown promising activity in preclinical evaluation. Building on our proven track record in oncology, BeiGene is expanding its clinical focus to discover new modalities and platforms in areas of high unmet need, including inflammation and immunology, to bring innovative, impactful medicines to patients.”
Lai Wang, Ph.D., Global Head of R&D at BeiGene
The first-in-human Phase 1 trial (NCT05093270) is designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary activity of BGB-23339. The trial is expected to enroll up to 115 healthy volunteers in Australia and/or China.
In addition to its broad portfolio focused on hematological malignancies and solid tumors, BeiGene is applying its research excellence and clinical expertise to address inflammation and immunology, an area of high unmet medical need. BeiGene’s internally developed, highly selective next-generation BTK inhibitor BRUKINSA® (zanubrutinib) is currently being evaluated in a Phase 2 trial in patients with active proliferative lupus nephritis.
BGB-23339 is a potent, highly selective, allosteric, investigational tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) inhibitor discovered and being developed by BeiGene. TYK2 is a member of the JAK family and functions as a critical mediator in cytokine signaling pathways implicated in multiple immune-mediated disorders. Designed to target the regulatory pseudokinase (JH2) domain on TYK2, BGB-23339 has demonstrated strong selectivity in preclinical studies with potent inhibition of interleukin (IL)-12, IL-23, and Type 1 interferons (IFNs)—pro-inflammatory cytokines that play a determinant role in the induction of inflammation. BGB-23339 is currently being evaluated in a Phase 1 clinical study.
BeiGene is a global, science-driven biotechnology company focused on developing innovative and affordable medicines to improve treatment outcomes and access for patients worldwide. With a broad portfolio of more than 40 clinical candidates, we are expediting development of our diverse pipeline of novel therapeutics through our own capabilities and collaborations. We are committed to radically improving access to medicines for two billion more people by 2030. BeiGene has a growing global team of over 7,700 colleagues across five continents.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws, including statements regarding plans for the Phase 1 trial and development of BGB-23339, the potential for BGB-23339 to address unmet medical needs, BeiGene’s plan to expand its clinical focus to discover new modalities and platforms in areas of high unmet need, including inflammation and immunology, and BeiGene’s plans, commitments, aspirations and goals under “About BeiGene”. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors, including BeiGene's ability to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of its drug candidates; the clinical results for its drug candidates, which may not support further development or marketing approval; actions of regulatory agencies, which may affect the initiation, timing and progress of clinical trials and marketing approval; BeiGene's ability to achieve commercial success for its marketed medicines and drug candidates, if approved; BeiGene's ability to obtain and maintain protection of intellectual property for its medicines and technology; BeiGene's reliance on third parties to conduct drug development, manufacturing and other services; BeiGene’s limited experience in obtaining regulatory approvals and commercializing pharmaceutical products and its ability to obtain additional funding for operations and to complete the development and commercialization of its drug candidates and achieve and maintain profitability; the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the BeiGene’s clinical development, regulatory, commercial, and other operations, as well as those risks more fully discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in BeiGene’s most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q as well as discussions of potential risks, uncertainties, and other important factors in BeiGene's subsequent filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All information in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and BeiGene undertakes no duty to update such information unless required by law.
PharmaCyte Biotech | September 02, 2020
PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc. (OTCQB: PMCB), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on developing cellular therapies for cancer and diabetes using its signature live-cell encapsulation technology, Cell-in-a-Box®, announced today that it has submitted an Investigational New Drug application (IND) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a planned Phase 2b clinical trial in locally advanced, inoperable pancreatic cancer (LAPC). PharmaCyte’s Chief Executive Officer, Kenneth L. Waggoner, commented, “Submitting this IND is the most important milestone the Company has met thus far in the clinical development of our leading product candidate. That’s our therapy to combat what is truly a global unmet medical need for those patients with LAPC whose tumors no longer respond to the first line treatments of either Abraxane® plus gemcitabine or FOLFIRINOX. “Now that the IND has been submitted, we must wait a minimum of 30 calendar days before initiating our clinical trial. During this time, the FDA has an opportunity to review the IND to ensure that it’s complete and that the planned clinical trial research patients will not be subject to unreasonable risk. It also gives the FDA time to ask for more information and clarification about the information submitted.