Enzyme USP15 may have potential role in future treatment of various cancers

Medical Xpress | March 15, 2019

Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) Cancer Center found that the enzyme USP15 could potentially lead to new treatments for breast and pancreatic cancer. Their findings were published in Nature Communications. "With this study, we validate the role of USP15 in maintaining genome stability and tumor suppression and inform novel treatments for breast cancer," said Huadong Pei, Ph.D., assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular medicine at the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences and senior author on the study. "With consistent research and progress of current studies, we will gain a stronger understanding and a more comprehensive view of USP15 functions in cancer and their role in future treatment strategies." The Cancer Genome Atlas indicates that USP15 enzyme deletions occur in 16 percent of breast cancers and in 5 percent of pancreatic cancers. Studies have shown that cancer-associated USP15 mutations increase poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor sensitivity in cancer cells.

Spotlight

Multivariate data analysis (MVA) and Design of Experiments (DoE) are advanced analysis techniques which enable biotech organizations to improve their data analysis and optimize operations across the product lifecycle. MVA and DoE are used in applications such as raw material assessment, analysis of clinical trial results, understanding and controlling fermentation processes, and improving quality control.

Spotlight

Multivariate data analysis (MVA) and Design of Experiments (DoE) are advanced analysis techniques which enable biotech organizations to improve their data analysis and optimize operations across the product lifecycle. MVA and DoE are used in applications such as raw material assessment, analysis of clinical trial results, understanding and controlling fermentation processes, and improving quality control.

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HealthMyne's Radiomic Technology Leveraged to Identify Biomarkers That Predict Immunotherapy Treatment Responses

HealthMyne | September 22, 2021

HealthMyne, a pioneer in applied radiomics, announced that peer-reviewed research recently published in the journal Cancers has demonstrated the ability of its radiomics technology to identify biomarkers that predict whether patients with lung adenocarcinoma would benefit from immunotherapy. In the Cancers article, researchers led by Vincenza Granata evaluated HealthMyne's technology as a quantitative imaging decision support tool for radiomic analysis of lung adenocarcinoma in chest CT scans. Researchers analyzed radiomic biomarkers to predict Overall Survival (OS) and Progression Free Survival (PFS) time. To perform the study, researchers selected 74 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer who underwent immunotherapy and compared them with 50 patients with histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma who underwent chemotherapy alone or in combination with targeted therapy. Researchers segmented each patient's lesion leveraging HealthMyne's advanced imaging analytics solution to extract 573 radiometric metrics from the cohort images to predict OS and PFS time. Researchers found that 19 radiomic features were significant for predicting OS and 108 radiomic features for predicting PFS time. Researchers concluded that the study demonstrated the relationship between radiomics and immunotherapeutic response and that specific radiomic features can be used to select patients with lung adenocarcinoma who would benefit from immunotherapy. To maximize the value of research and development investments, drug developers need an accurate and efficient means of selecting and stratifying patients for clinical studies. Numerous examples of peer-reviewed research have shown that radiomics and precision image analysis identifies biomarkers that drive greater personalization of treatment and provides new insights for better decisions. At HealthMyne, we strive to develop innovative radiomic solutions that contribute to the advancement of this critical body of evidence. - Rose Higgins, CEO, HealthMyne. About HealthMyne HealthMyne® is a pioneer in applied radiomics, the cutting-edge field of extracting novel data and biomarkers from medical images. Our FDA-approved and CE marked, AI-enabled solutions allow organizations to easily access and translate groundbreaking radiomic insights into use in research, clinical outcomes, and treatment pathways. By leveraging radiomics, our clients and partners can accelerate the development and delivery of the best possible treatments. HealthMyne's approach is based upon the premise that every cancer patient's story begins with an image. We believe that unleashing the hidden power of imaging data and radiomics will revolutionize personalized care -- ensuring the right treatment every time. Our mission is to advance precision health initiatives through accessible and translatable radiomic data.

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MEDICAL

Felix Biotechnology Announces Initiation of CYPHY Phase 1/2 study at Yale for Lead Asset

Felix Biotechnology | January 08, 2021

Felix Biotechnology reported the inception of CYPHY, a Phase 1/2 examiner started single focus preliminary at Yale University for focused phage treatment YPT-01 in the therapy of constant P. aeruginosa diseases in cystic fibrosis. This twofold visually impaired, fake treatment controlled study (NCT 04684641) will evaluate the wellbeing and adequacy of YPT-01 added to standard antimicrobial treatment in 36 patients. CYPHY will likewise evaluate the capacity of YPT-01 to lessen the harmfulness and anti-infection obstruction of P. aeruginosa, improving patient results and re-empowering utilization of conventional anti-infection agents against multi-drug safe strains. The lead specialist for this investigation, Dr. Jon Koff, Associate Professor and Director of Yale's Adult Cystic Fibrosis Program, is supported by an academic grant from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. "This is a fantastic opportunity to show how effective phage therapy can be when deployed in an evolutionary framework. We know that pathogens evolve resistance to any antibiotic or therapy we use, so our approach turns that to our advantage," said Dr. Paul Turner, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, co-inventor of YPT-01, and co-founder of Felix Biotechnology. "By targeting phage to mechanisms of virulence, we ensure that if pathogens evolve resistance to phage, they lose traits that make them effective pathogens, putting them in an evolutionary Catch-22."

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LifeMine Therapeutics and GSK Enter Drug Discovery and Development Alliance

LifeMine | March 28, 2022

LifeMine Therapeutics Inc., a biopharmaceutical company reinventing drug discovery by mining genetically-encoded small molecules (GEMs) from the biosphere, today announced a strategic R&D collaboration with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK). The collaboration will provide GSK with access to LifeMine’s genomically enabled drug discovery platform to identify novel small molecule leads directed to up to three human targets provided by GSK addressing multiple disease areas. Under the terms of the collaboration, LifeMine will receive an upfront payment of $70 million that includes both cash and an equity investment by GSK in LifeMine in its Series C round of financing. In addition, LifeMine is eligible to receive undisclosed discovery, development and commercial milestone payments for each collaboration product. LifeMine will be also eligible to receive royalties on net sales of any drug from the collaboration that is commercialized by GSK. LifeMine and GSK will collaborate closely on the discovery process, with each company leveraging its core capabilities and equally sharing costs to IND filing. GSK will be responsible for all development and commercialization. This is a transformative collaboration for LifeMine, and marks the first such agreement in genomic drug discovery from fungi, nature’s virtuoso medicinal chemists, We are thrilled to partner with GSK to expand the potential of our drug discovery engine while we continue to advance our own lead programs. We look forward to a productive partnership which we are confident will result in novel therapeutic options for patients.” Gregory Verdine, Ph.D., co-founder, chief executive officer and chief scientific officer of LifeMine. LifeMine aims to bring unparalleled speed, predictability and scalability to small-molecule drug discovery, offering the potential to rapidly advance multiple high-impact precision medicines to solve intractable disease challenges, irrespective of therapeutic area. LifeMine’s Avatar-Rx platform seamlessly integrates high-throughput microbiology, data science and machine learning, genome engineering and automation technologies to search the fungal biosphere for novel GEMs having a predetermined target and biological function. Downstream of GEM discovery, LifeMine’s platform further integrates chemoinformatic-assisted drug optimization and state-of-the art chemical synthesis with biotransformation to advance new product candidates into development. GSK’s drug discovery approach focuses on advanced technologies, including human genetics, functional genomics and machine learning to increase our probability of success, This approach leads to genetically validated targets that are twice as likely to succeed as medicines, but due to their novelty often require innovation to unlock their potential. We are looking forward to teaming up with LifeMine to use their cutting-edge platform, so together we can identify what nature might have already created as chemistry starting points to increase our chances of developing transformational new drugs for patients.” John Lepore, SVP, Head of Research, GSK. About LifeMine Therapeutics LifeMine Therapeutics is reinventing drug discovery by mining genetically-encoded small molecules (GEMs) from the biosphere. Through its proprietary, evolutionarily-derived genomic drug discovery platform, LifeMine aims to bring unparalleled speed, predictability and scalability to small molecule drug discovery. LifeMine has discovered, in genomic space, hundreds of potentially high-impact drug candidates relevant to targets across all major disease areas, and has an initial focus on advancing highly impactful precision medicines in oncology and immune modulation. The Company was founded in 2017 by renowned entrepreneur/scientists Gregory Verdine, Ph.D., and Richard Klausner, M.D., and entrepreneur/company-builder WeiQing Zhou. Headquartered in Cambridge, Mass., and with a second site at Gloucester Harbor, Mass., LifeMine has raised more than $295 million from leading life science investors.

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