Activated PMN exosomes are pathogenic entities that cause destruction in the COPD lung

Medical XPress | January 11, 2019

The University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have found a novel, previously unreported pathogenic entity that is a fundamental link between chronic inflammation and tissue destruction in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. COPD is the fourth-leading cause of death in the world.
This pathogenic entity—exosomes from activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes, or PMNs—caused COPD damage when the small, subcellular particles, collected from purified PMNs, were instilled into the lungs of healthy mice. Remarkably, the UAB researchers also collected exosomes from the lung fluids of human patients with COPD and the lung fluids of neonatal ICU babies with the lung disease bronchopulmonary dysplasia; when those human-derived exosomes were instilled into the lungs of healthy mice, they also caused COPD lung damage. Damage was primarily from PMN-derived exosomes from the human lungs.

Spotlight

As medicine progresses into a new era of personalized therapy, therapeutic antibodies are leading the charge and have grown into a billion-euro industry. Antibodies present an attractive option for a wide variety of common diseases because of their specificity and flexibility. Major blockbusters like Humira, Remicade, MabThera, Avastin, and Herceptin are therapeutic antibodies, which represent today the fastest growing group of biotechnology-derived molecules in clinical trials.

Spotlight

As medicine progresses into a new era of personalized therapy, therapeutic antibodies are leading the charge and have grown into a billion-euro industry. Antibodies present an attractive option for a wide variety of common diseases because of their specificity and flexibility. Major blockbusters like Humira, Remicade, MabThera, Avastin, and Herceptin are therapeutic antibodies, which represent today the fastest growing group of biotechnology-derived molecules in clinical trials.

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